Pendock CE Primary School

Tanzania 

Tanzanian flag

wall display (3)

Tanzania, officially the United Republic of, is a country in East Africa.

The name Tanzania derives from the names of the two states Tanganyika and Zanzibar that united in 1964 to form the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which later the same year was renamed the United Republic of Tanzania.

Tanzania lies mostly between latitudes 1 and 12 S, and longitudes 29 and 41 E.

Tanzania is mountainous in the northeast, where Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak, is situated.

kilimanjaro
animals

Central Tanzania comprises a large plateau, with plains and arable land. The eastern shore is hot and humid, with the island of Zanzibar lying just offshore.

Tanzania has considerable wildlife habitat, including much of the Serengeti plain.

fishing boats

dar es salaam 2

Dar es Salaam

Dodoma

Dodoma

More than 80% of the population is rural. Dar es Salaam is the largest city and is the commercial capital; Dodoma, located in the centre of Tanzania is the new capital and houses the Union's Parliament.

Tanzanians see themselves as having two "official" languages, English and Swahili. Swahili is seen as the unifying language of the country between different tribes, who each have their own tribal language; English serves the purpose of providing Tanzanians with the ability to participate in the global economy and culture. The first language typically learned by a Tanzanian is that of his or her tribe, with Swahili and English learned thereafter.

rural people

rural people 2

rural people 3

rural people 4

As of 2010, the estimated population is 43,188,000. (UK population 62,262,000).

Football is widely played all over the country with fans divided between two major clubs, Young African Sports Club (Yangs) and Simba Sports Club (Simba). Football is the most popular sport in Tanzania.

Basketball is also played but mainly in the army and schools. Hasheem Thabeet is a Tanzanian-born NBA player with the Portland Trailblazers.

The economy is mostly based on agriculture, which accounts for more than half of the GDP, provides 75% (approximately) of exports, and employs approximately 75% of the workforce. Topography and climate, though, limit cultivated crops to only 4% of the land area. The nation has many natural resources including minerals, natural gas, and tourism.

Tanzania is the third-largest producer of gold in Africa .The country is also known for Tanzanite, a type of precious gemstone that is found only in Tanzania.


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